Why do we need pipelines in Canada?

The world is demanding more energy. Approximately 60 per cent of the world’s current energy needs are met by natural gas and oil, with forecasts indicating demand will remain higher than 50 per cent in 2040.

With Canada’s considerable resource base, we are well positioned to meet that energy demand. Our responsibly produced natural gas and oil can help lower global greenhouse gas emissions by displacing higher-emitting fuel sources and brings enormous benefits to the Canadian economy.

But first, all that natural gas and oil must be moved from the wells in the ground to refineries, processing plants and our homes and businesses. Pipelines are the safest, most responsible way to do this.

Logistics: Moving large amounts of product across long distances


Pipelines are the safest, most environmentally responsible, and most efficient way to transport natural gas and oil across long distances. 

In Canada, natural gas and oil can be transported by pipeline, truck, train and ship. Regardless of the mode of transportation, safety is always the number one priority.


In 2019, Canada’s transmission pipelines moved more than 1.7 billion barrels of crude oil (the equivalent of 1.7 billion bathtubs) and more than 5.6 trillion cubic feet of natural gas (the equivalent of 1.12 trillion helium balloons). No other mode of transportation can move that much product in the same amount of time at a comparable cost.


Oil and gas are found across Canada, but mainly in the western regions of the country – sometimes in very remote places. Most Canadians live in the southern part of the country (over 80 per cent live within 350 km of the U.S. border), which means the products must be transported long distances to get to the people who need them. Pipelines are the safest, most environmentally responsible, and most practical way to deliver natural gas and oil from the remote producing regions to our country’s more populated areas.

Powering Canada’s economy

Pipelines generate billions of dollars for Canada’s economy and provide thousands of jobs in communities across the country. The revenue generated by the industry is used to help pay for health care, education, infrastructure and other programs that are important to Canadians. It will also play a crucial role in helping to fund investments in research and new technologies that will drive the transition to a lower-carbon energy future.

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