Pipelines have operated for a long time in Canada – since 1853.
The first Canadian transmission pipeline was built in 1853. It was a 25-kilometre cast-iron pipe moving natural gas to Trois Rivières, QC. It was the longest pipeline in the world at the time.
Then in 1862, Canada built one of the world’s first oil pipelines, from the Petrolia oilfield in Petrolia, ON to Sarnia, ON.
By 1947, three oil pipelines moved products in Canada. One transported oil from Turner Valley, AB to Calgary. The second line moved imported crude from coastal Maine to Montreal, QC while a third brought American oil into Ontario.
With the discovery of an abundant supply of crude oil and natural gas in the west, Canada’s oil and gas industry began expanding its pipeline network in the 1950s.
Canadian Western Natural Gas builds a natural gas pipeline from Bow Island, AB to Calgary, AB (275 km.).
Northwestern Utilities Company Limited completes construction of a 124-kilometre natural gas pipeline and 129 kilometres of distribution pipeline from Viking, AB to Edmonton, AB.
Portland Montreal Pipe Line completes its 380 kilometre oil pipeline to transport crude oil from the port in South Portland, Maine to refineries in Montreal.
The Canadian Oil Pipeline, otherwise known as Canol, completes a crude oil pipeline from Norman Wells, NT to Whitehorse, YK.
Interprovincial Pipe Line Inc. (now Enbridge Pipelines Inc.) transports crude oil from Edmonton., AB to Superior, Wisconsin, USA.
Trans Mountain Pipeline system transports crude oil from Edmonton, AB to Vancouver, BC
Interprovincial Pipe Line Inc. extends to Sarnia, ON.
The Pembina Pipeline system is constructed to transport crude oil from the Pembina field near Drayton Valley, AB to Edmonton, AB. The Pembina system serves one of the oldest oil producing areas in Alberta.
Westcoast Transmission Company Ltd. (now Enbridge Pipelines Inc.) begins construction on a 24-inch pipeline from Taylor, BC to the USA.
TransCanada Pipelines Ltd. (Now TC Energy) begins construction on a natural gas pipeline across Canada.
Westcoast Transmission Company Ltd. begins transporting natural gas from northeastern British Columbia to the BC/US border.
TransCanada Pipelines Ltd.’s Alberta system, known as NOVA Gas Transmission Ltd. or NGTL, begins operations.
Interprovincial Pipe Line Inc. extends to Montreal, QC.
Alyeska Pipeline completes construction of its Trans Alaska Pipeline System, known as TAPS, which moves crude oil from Prudhoe Bay on Alaska’s North Slope to Valdez, AK, USA.
Foothills Pipe Lines Ltd. begins transporting natural gas from central Alberta to the US border.
Interprovincial Pipe Line Inc. completes construction of its Norman Wells, NT to Zama, AB pipeline, which is the first buried pipeline through permafrost in Canada.
The Canadian Energy Pipeline Association is formed.