How do pipelines work?

Whether pipelines are transporting natural gas or liquids products, the process is similar.

  1. Product is gathered from wells in the ground and sent through gathering pipelines to a facility where it’s processed or refined. Pumps or compressors move it through the system at a safe pace.
  2. Once the oil is refined or the gas is processed, it’s moved through feeder pipelines to be distributed to large transmission pipelines.
  3. CEPA members operate these transmission pipelines to deliver these products across the country to where people need it. It takes about a month to deliver oil and gas products from Alberta to Ontario.
Once the product is processed, it’s moved through feeder pipelines to be distributed to large transmission pipelines. Photo courtesy of Pembina Pipelines.

Once the product is processed, it’s moved through feeder pipelines to be distributed to large transmission pipelines. Photo courtesy of Pembina Pipelines.

Powerful pumps move liquids through the line at about 5 kilometres per hour.

Powerful pumps move liquids through the line at about 5 kilometres per hour.

Experts carefully monitor the flow of product through the line.

Experts carefully monitor the flow of product through the line.

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